High blood pressure, build-up of plaque and cholesterol deposits in artery walls is accountable for the weakening of blood vessel walls. Bulges in damaged areas, known as aneurysms, form when blood vessels are damaged. Other than that, aneurysms can also be current at the time of birth.
Arteriovenous malformations are defined as the abnormal connections amongst veins and arteries that might be present at birth. These malformations and additional vascular abnomalies can lead to cerebral haemorrhage.
The symptoms of cerebral haemorrhage are built on their location. Some can interfere with the motor functioning of altered body parts, while others can hinder language, vision, language or sensation.
1. Common Symptoms of Cerebral Haemorrhage
- Sudden severe headache/ vommitings.
- Change in level of consciousness or alertness.
- Seizures, numbness or weakness.
2. Serious Symptoms of Cerebral Haemorrhage
Cerebral haemorrhage is permanently an emergency situation and is a massive threat to a person’s life. A person wants to seek immediate medical care if they suffer ayny of the following life-threatening symptoms:
- Alteration in level of consciousness or alertness.
- Change in mental state or experiencing sudden behavioural changes like confusion, lethargy, delirium, delusions or hallucinations.
- Paralysis or inability to move a particular body part.
- Slurred speech or an inability to speak.
- A sudden change in vision, loss of vision, or eye pain.
- The worst type of headache pain.
3. Risk Factors for Cerebral Haemorrhage
Some factors growth the risk of developing cerebral haemorrhage. Not all people with danger factors will get cerebral haemorrhage. Risk factors include:
- Arteriovenous malformations caused due to abnormal connections between veins and arteries.
- Atherosclerosis, which is the build-up of plaque on the walls of the coronary arteries.
- Cerebral aneurysmswhich refer to the life-threatening weakening and bulging of the artery walls that can burst and lead to severe brain haemorrhage.
- Long term/ uncontrolled Hypertension (high blood pressure).
- Use of blood thinning medications (antiplatelets/ anticaogulation).
- Head trauma
- Amyloid angiopathy, which refers to deposits of protein in the artery walls.
4. Reducing Your Risk of Cerebral Haemorrhage
The risk of cerebral haemorrhage can be reduced by:
- Controlling the blood pressure.
- Consuming a healthy diet.
- Working out regularly.
- Quit smoking
- Using essential safety devices like helmets and seatbelts when needed.
- Judicious and monitored use of blod thinning medications.
5. Treatment of Cerebral Haemorrhage
At the occurrence of a intellectual haemorrhage, treatment depends upon the reason of the haemorrhage, as well as its site and the quantity of blood. Surgery may be required, and medications may be prescribed to controller symptoms. After the initial treatment is completed, rehabilitation is necessary for whole recovery.
6. Common Initial Treatments for Cerebral Haemorrhage
- Interventional radiology to treat abnormal blood vessels and also to minimise the blood flow to the bleeding area (clipping/coiling ).
- Anticonvulsants to control seizures.
- Surgery to drain blood clots as well as relieve pressure.
- Pain medications to increase comfort.
- Medications to reduce or lower Blod pressure and also brain swelling.
- Management in a equiped Neurointensive unit.
Patients anguish from strokes should seek medical help immediately. One of the greatest hospitals for stroke treatment is Max Healthcare, which consists of an extremely renowned team of healthcare experts.
The complications of an untreated cerebral haemorrhage can be plain and even life-threatening in many instances. A patient can minimise the danger of severe complications by following the treatment plan their health care specialized designs for them, a good controller of risk factors and healthy life style.