Do you know what guidelines to follow to avoid sunburn? On many occasions, the rush to get a tanned skin, or the fact of not taking preventive measures before being exposed to the sun, leads to burn.
The damage caused by sunburn consists of an excess of oxidation that leads to the death of keratinocytes. The people most likely to suffer sunburn are those who have a clear phototype, ie skin, eyes, and light hair.
The areas most affected by sunburn are the scalp in people who do not have hair, ears, and cleavage, whose skin is thinner. Below, we give you 5 guidelines to avoid sunburn.
1. Topical photoprotection to avoid sunburn
Topical cosmetic products protect us from the short-term effects of radiation, in addition to providing long-term benefits. In this way, you can avoid sunburn.
They contain sunscreens that must comply with the required requirements of safety, effectiveness, and versatility. They must also be cosmetically pleasing, not stain and allow their formulation in different forms of application.
2. Oral photoprotection
Combining a topical photoprotection with an oral photoprotection will be the best option to avoid sunburn. It has the advantage of protecting the entire skin by supplying the losses that rubbing, sweating and forgetting the reapplication of the product can cause topically.
In most of these nutritional supplements, it is common to find substances such as beta-carotenes, Polypodium leucotomos, vitamin C and vitamin E, polyphenols and fatty acids. It is important to remember that treatment should be started at least 15 days before sun exposure.
3. Sun protection barriers to avoid sunburns
It is important to remember the following recommendations as sun protection barriers:
- Avoid exposure to the sun during the hours of intense radiation: between 12 and 16 h.
- Take an umbrella to the beach or pool, and use hats or hats if you are going to carry out activities and outdoor sports.
- Protective clothing: It has been shown that wearing protective clothing when receiving sunbaths can reduce the number of acquired melanocytic nevi. There is a UV protection factor for fabrics called FPU, which varies depending on the type of fabric, fiber moisture and color, among others.
- Uses approved sunglasses: not only protects our eyes, but also the periocular area of the effects of UV radiation. It is recommended that glasses block 99% of UVA and UVB radiation.
- Stay in the shade or under the trees: this will also reduce the impact of direct radiation. Although we must take into account the indirect radiation of seawater, sand or snow.
4. Hydration and feeding
Water in the skin plays a specific role, as it maintains its structure and barrier function, ensures elasticity and preserves cell differentiation.
During solar exposure, we lose water, and therefore it is necessary to ingest it regularly and, after exposure, provide topical moisturizing active ingredients to recover the water tone of the skin.
Perform a balanced diet, rich in essential fatty acids, which restore the skin barrier and have an anti-inflammatory effect, in antioxidants, which neutralize the effect of free radicals. In addition, drinks based on natural juices and green tea will help maintain a healthy tan.
5. Use aftersun
You should not replace it with a moisturizer because it is specifically indicated for soothing, balancing, regenerating and moisturizing the skin after the sun and, in addition, it helps maintain the tan.
Aftersun is formulated to repair cell damage caused by sun exposure. Balances, decongests, deflates and helps fight free radicals caused by solar radiation.
Thanks to its moisturizing power, it is possible to avoid the dryness, the tightness and the feeling of the skin, which are so common in summer. In addition, it reduces redness, relieves burns and refreshes the skin after a day of prolonged exposure to the sun.
The aftersun prepares the skin for new solar exposures, which is why it intensifies the tan and avoiding the desquamation, which you have achieved will gradually disappear